Adjectives Agreement French

Adjectives Agreement in French: Everything You Need to Know

Adjectives are an essential part of any language. They help to describe people, places, things, and ideas. In French, adjectives must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify. This can be confusing for learners of the language, but with a few rules, it`s easy to master.

Agreement in Gender

In French, adjectives typically have two forms – one for masculine nouns and one for feminine nouns. Feminine adjectives often end in -e, while masculine adjectives do not. For example, “grand” (tall) is masculine, and “grande” is feminine.

In the case of adjectives that end in a consonant, the same form is used for both masculine and feminine nouns. For example, “gentil” (nice) is masculine and “gentil” is also feminine.

Agreement in Number

In addition to gender, adjectives in French must also agree with the number of the noun they modify. If the noun is singular, the adjective must be singular. If the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural as well.

To form the plural of most adjectives, you simply add -s to the singular form. For example, “grand” becomes “grands” when modifying a plural noun. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Adjectives that end in -s, -x, or -z do not change in the plural. For example, “heureux” (happy) remains the same in the plural.

Agreement with Possessive Adjectives

When using possessive adjectives (mon, ton, son, notre, votre, leur), the adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun being possessed. For example, “mon chat” (my cat) would use the masculine form of the adjective, while “ma maison” (my house) would use the feminine form.

Adjectives that Come Before the Noun

Adjectives that come before the noun they modify usually follow the gender and number agreement rules. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Some adjectives are known as “invariant adjectives” and do not change in gender or number. Examples of these include “orange,” “rose,” and “marron” (brown).

Conclusion

Adjectives agreement in French can be complicated, but with practice, it becomes second nature. Remember to pay attention to the gender and number of the noun being modified, and to adjust the adjective accordingly. With these rules, you`ll be well on your way to mastering French adjectives.